Vaccines work by stimulating our immune system to produce antibodies (substances produced by the body to fight disease) without actually infecting us with the disease.
They trigger the immune system to produce its own antibodies, as though the body has been infected with a disease. This is called "active immunity". If the vaccinated person then comes into contact with the disease itself, their immune system will recognise it and immediately produce the antibodies they need to fight it.
Vaccinations are quick, safe and extremely effective. Once your child has been vaccinated against a disease, their body can fight it more effectively. If a child isn't vaccinated, they will have an increased risk of catching the illness.
As a parent, you may not like seeing your baby or child being given an injection. However, vaccination is an important step in protecting your child against a range of serious and potentially fatal diseases. You can decide whether or not to have your child immunised and you should be asked for your consent before each vaccination is given. If you refuse, this should be recorded in your child’s medical notes.
For further information about vaccinations, visit the NHS website.
To find your nearest doctors use the NHS service finder
Letters for Parents / Carers - Autumn 2019
- Children in early years settings
- Children in maintained or independent schools
- Children in Avanti schools
- Children who are electively home educated
Information and letters for Schools and Nurseries - Autumn 2019
- Early years settings
- Maintained schools
- Independent schools
- Avanti Schools
- Public Health England Winter-readiness information for London schools and nurseries Published September 2018 (reviewed Sept 2019)